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Glossary

Here you will find definitions and meanings of some of the most frequently used terms on the site.

 

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A mutated gene that is the cause of a cancer. Several subtypes of acute myeloid leukaemia, acute lymphocytic leukaemia and lymphoma, and nearly all cases of chronic myeloid leukaemia are associated with an oncogene.


A medical doctor who diagnoses and treats patients with cancer. Oncologists are usually hospital consultants who treat adults or paediatricians who treat children.
Clinical oncologists specialize in the use of radiation as well as medication to treat cancer; medical oncologists use only medication to treat cancer, and defer to clinical oncologist for radio therapy; and surgical oncologists specialize in the use of surgical procedures to diagnose and treat cancer.
These doctors cooperate and collaborate to provide the best treatment plan (surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or immunotherapy) for the patient.


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